FOR MANY CITIES, here’s the toughest pill to swallow: Their mayors don’t actually have control of their streets. This is true of the metro Phoenix area, where Google’s self-driving sister company Waymo is testing cars without drivers inside.
And Pittsburgh, where Uber tests. And Miami, where Ford will touch down with self-driving pizza delivery vehicles this month. And Boston, where cars powered by the developer NuTonomy are picking people up near the seaport. And it’s true in San Francisco, where tourists can gawk at cars piloted by Uber, Zoox, General Motors’ Cruise and Waymo on their way to Lombard Street.
In the US, self-driving car testing is regulated on the state level. Some of the 50—Florida, Arizona—are happy to let the vehicles go wherever. Others—California—set stricter guidelines, with more stringent reporting rules.